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COP27: raised ambitions for Africa

Fortescue Future Industries and the Kenyan government will develop a 300 MW, geothermal-powered ammonia & fertiliser production plant. The project is part of a larger pipeline (25 GW) of renewable energy generation being explored by FFI and Kenya. In Mauritania, bp will explore the potential for large-scale renewable hydrogen production, and a new report from Masdar has laid out the opportunities on offer for Africa: as much as 10% of the global renewable hydrogen market by 2050, or 60 million tonnes per year.

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Aurubis to test using ammonia fuel for copper wire production in Germany

A shipment of thirteen tonnes of CCS-based ammonia has arrived in Hamburg from ADNOC’s al Ruwais ammonia plant near Abu Dhabi. This “demonstration cargo” has been in the works since March this year, when ADNOC signed an agreement with a raft of German organisations, including metals manufacturing giant Aurubis. The ammonia will be trialed as fuel to power copper rod production at Aurubis’ Hamburg smelter.

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Singapore’s national hydrogen strategy

Singapore’s government has launched an official hydrogen strategy for the island nation. Ammonia plays a key role in the maritime sector’s multi-fuel transition, with other direct uses emerging in Singapore’s energy future: fertiliser, industrial feedstock and power generation.

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Vopak explores new ammonia infrastructure in Singapore, the Netherlands

Vopak Singapore will explore options to expand ammonia infrastructure at its Banyan terminal on Jurong Island, Singapore. Vopak has been investigating infrastructure upgrades to enable maritime ammonia bunker fuel in Singapore since 2020, and will invest €1 billion by 2030 into “new energies”, including low-carbon and renewable hydrogen & ammonia. In the Netherlands, Vopak is currently converting two existing refrigerated LPG storage tanks to receive ammonia imports at the North Sea port of Vlissingen.

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Keppel Infrastructure, Greenko to explore ammonia production in India

The pair will explore a new, 250,000-tonnes-per-year renewable ammonia production facility in India, powered by 1.3 GW of solar, wind and pumped hydro generating capacity. The ammonia will be used for “demand for low carbon energy” in India and Singapore, and also as bunker fuel. In related news, Indian energy major Jakson Green has announced it will build a $2.8 billion, 365,000 tonnes per year renewable ammonia production plant in Kota, northern India.

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Cepsa and Port of Rotterdam to create a green maritime corridor from the Mediterranean

Cepsa and the Port of Rotterdam will establish a green maritime corridor between southern and northern Europe. Renewable hydrogen will be produced near the Bay of Algeciras (Spain) and exported to Rotterdam, with ammonia and methanol both listed as potential vectors. The pair expect the corridor to be operational by 2027. This week the Port of Rotterdam also announced that a potential green maritime corridor to the Port of Gothenburg, Sweden is under development.

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Maritime ammonia to link UAE, Canada

Canada and the UAE will collaborate as part of the new Clean Energy Marine Hubs (CEMH) initiative: a private-public platform launched by the Clean Energy Ministerial to accelerate deployment of alternative maritime fuels. This comes as the UAE government announced it is developing a new national hydrogen strategy with GHD Group and German research institute Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.

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Building a renewable ammonia supply chain between Australia and Korea

Korea Zinc, Hanwha Impact, SK Gas and Australia-based Ark Energy will work together to build a million-tonne-per-year renewable ammonia supply chain between Korea and Australia by 2032. Ark Energy’s renewable energy portfolio in Queensland will be leveraged for ammonia production, with the three South Korean organisations acting as offtakers. The announcement comes as the Qld state government launches an ambitious new energy plan, which will support the addition of 20-plus GW of renewable energy generation to Qld’s grid.

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More CCS projects announced for the US Gulf Coast

New US CCS ammonia announcements include: a new million-tonne-per-year facility for OCI in Texas, a new $2 billion production facility for CF Industries and Mitsui & Co. in Louisiana, multi-million-tonnes-per-year of production output for JERA, ConocoPhillips and Uniper on the Gulf Coast spread over multiple export projects, and FID reached for OCI’s decarbonisation project in Iowa.