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Production technology updates: from mega-scale to distributed ammonia

Recently, KBR launched its Ammonia 10,000 technology for newbuild ammonia plants, tripling the largest available single train capacity to 10,000 metric tonnes per day. In our latest Technology Insights article, we explore the other pieces of the puzzle required for mega-scale ammonia, as well as some updates from the other end of the spectrum, with three distributed, small-scale ammonia synthesis systems under development in North America.

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Safe ammonia bunkering at the Port of Roenne

In our latest episode of Maritime Ammonia Insights, we delved into an exciting new project for maritime ammonia: the Bornholm Bunkering Hub. Maja Bendtsen (Port of Roenne), Jan Gramkov (Rambøll) and Nicklas Koch (DBI) presented the feasibility, safety management & public perception work currently in progress, as well as the steps still required to formalise a plan forward for the hub by 2025. Early & repeated engagement with the local community, rigorous & standardised assessment of potential risks and utilising learnings from other industries were all emphasized by the speakers as key to realising the project.

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Fortescue & Deutsche Bahn to develop ammonia-powered trains in Germany

Deutsche Bahn and Fortescue Future Industries will collaborate to modify existing locomotive diesel engines to run on hydrogen & ammonia fuel. The pair will utilise Ammonigy’s ammonia cracking technology in their design, with a prototype, bench-top engine currently undergoing testing in Germany. This week FFI also signed an agreement to develop a new energy import terminal in Wilhelmshaven.

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A road ahead via lithium-mediated electrochemical nitrogen reduction?

Realisation of electrochemical nitrogen reduction to ammonia has proven to be a herculean scientific challenge. Recently, a focus on Lithium-mediated synthesis has delivered promising results. Last year a team from Monash University in Australia unveiled their phosphonium “proton shuttle” method, and this year have reported nearly 100% Faradaic efficiency for the reaction (with promising reaction rates). Late last year, a team from the Technical University of Demark (DTU) reported that addition of small amounts of oxygen gas drastically increased Faradaic efficiencies and production rates. The results push electrochemical synthesis R&D ever-closer to elusive benchmarks set for commercial realisation.

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Maritime ammonia: FSRBs, AiPs for bunkering and a new collaboration

In maritime ammonia updates this week:

  • NYK Line, Nihon Shipyard, ClassNK, and IHI Corporation have signed a joint R&D agreement for the commercialisation of an ammonia floating storage and regasification barge (A-FSRB).
  • DNV has granted Approval in Principle to Azane Fuel Solutions for their flexible ammonia bunkering terminal design. The Approval allows Azane and partner Yara to proceed with their bunker network rollout across Scandinavia.
  • And US-based Amogy & Amon Maritime will collaborate to jointly develop ammonia-powered shipping solutions, including the use of Amogy’s technology platform in Amon’s future projects.

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Ammonia combustion for power generation: updates from Korea, Malaysia and Singapore

Joint venture SK Plug Hyverse has agreed to deploy its Korean-manufactured PEM electrolysers overseas, and then supply Korea South-East Power (KOEN) with renewable hydrogen & ammonia imports for co-firing at natural gas and coal power plants. In Malaysia, power utility Tenaga Nasional Bhd, IHI Power Systems and Petronas announced they have successfully conducted 60% ammonia co-combustion trials. And in Singapore, Jurong Port, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and JERA will conduct a joint study on Jurong Island, where a 60MW, combined-cycle gas turbine will be fueled by 100% ammonia to produce zero-carbon electricity.

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Developing ammonia maritime engines & fuel: a collaborative approach

The latest episode of Maritime Ammonia Insights webinar centred around collaboration, leadership & Singapore: three critical elements in the maritime ammonia transition. Sofia Furstenberg Stott was joined by Peter H. Kirkeby (MAN Energy Solutions) and Yi Han Ng (Maritime and Port Authority Singapore), who discussed timelines for engine development, the benefits of a consortia approach, and the all-important safety & technical progress of maritime ammonia technologies.

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Singapore: investments, a green corridor partnership and a new bunkering vessel project

Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund GIC and UK-based Carlyle will both invest in the development of Eneus Energy’s renewable ammonia project pipeline, with plants in the US and UK planned. The Maritime & Port Authority Singapore and Port of Rotterdam have agreed to establish a green maritime corridor by 2027. The agreement will help accelerate the deployment of alternative maritime fuels like ammonia on the critical shipping route, which links two of the world’s largest bunkering ports. And a trio of organisations - PaxOcean Engineering, Hong Lam Marine and Bureau Veritas will jointly develop an ammonia bunkering vessel design.

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Proton Ventures partners with UM6P for renewable ammonia demonstration plant in Morocco

Proton Ventures and the Mohammed VI Polytechnic University have signed an agreement to construct a demonstration-sized ammonia production plant at OCP’s existing manufacturing complex in Jorf Lasfar. The 4 tonne per day plant will be powered via an electrical load emulator, simulating the profiles of wind and solar generation at different geographical sites. The facility will act as a “reference unit” and “living laboratory”, allowing scale-up to larger industrial projects, further R&D and training for the future ammonia workforce.