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Unlike some technology areas where “all of the above” has significant advantages, there are tremendous advantages associated with choosing a single, optimized, liquid transportation fuel. The cost, efficiency and environmental benefits associated with choosing an optimized liquid transportation fuel are enormous and merit serious consideration.
NH3 most closely meets the criteria for an ideal liquid transportation fuel. It is the most efficient and cost-effective means of delivering hydrogen and has an extensive world-wide delivery system already in place. Using currently available catalytic controls, NH3 emissions can be even cleaner than hydrogen engine emissions. While NH3 can effectively be produced using biomass, it can also be produced from all other primary energy sources including wind, solar, nuclear, natural gas, OTEC, etc. NH3 can be used in fuel cells, gasoline engines, diesel engines, gas turbines and gas burners.
Developing countries could create extensive, robust agricultural and energy economies based on NH3 production facilities in a sustainable, environmentally-friendly fashion. Competitive energy prices and robust agricultural economies would provide the basis for nearly limitless additional economic development opportunities.
Impressive federal programs in Japan and numerous patents filed Toyota combined with significant R&D efforts in the U.S., Canada and Europe are providing exciting momentum for the NH3 fuel movement. It is time to acknowledge the show-stopping deficiencies associated with the usual alternative fuel “suspects” and move forward with the closest thing to an ideal fuel.