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Ammonia as Alternative Maritime fuel

Global shipping will by 2050 need to reduce the GHG emissions by 50% compared to the 2008 baseline, according to one of the targets set by the IMO, as well as a goal of being GHG neutral by the end of the century. The adoption of carbon neutral fuels will be a key enabler to achieve this goal. This presentation will consider these issues and suggest a process and pathway to overcome regulatory barriers, safety, and infrastructure for ammonia that needs to be addressed to facilitate the use of ammonia as a fuel in shipping.

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A review of global ammonia supply

The presentation will provide an overview of global ammonia supply. It will consider the geography and orientation of the current stock of supply, including captive use, merchant availability and proximity to seaborne markets. It will examine the extent to which there is currently spare ammonia capacity, and the responsiveness of supply to demand growth in different timeframes.

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Distribution of Ammonia as an Energy Carrier

Ammonia can be used as an energy carrier to produce a low carbon fuel that can be transported around the globe. Infrastructure for transporting ammonia is already in place, but as more ammonia is used as an energy source, addition transportation capacity will be required. This presentation will discuss technical and economic data for ammonia distribution. The focus will be on pipeline and ocean transport. A perspective will be provided to identify the typical required infrastructure to produce, store and distribute of the ammonia for the equivalent power plant energy requirement.

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Ammonia Asset Transition for New Markets

With over $900 billion worth of assets at risk of being stranded by the energy transition, operators must act now in order to compete in the future. Ammonia, as an already widely traded commodity, may prove to be the vehicle to deliver decarbonised gas resources ahead of a completed transition. Reimagining how we deliver energy is essential to people, planet and economy. Blue ammonia offers a step to realise national gas monetization objectives with the utopia of green ammonia. This presentation with showcase the challenges and opportunities that await and how well we are prepared.

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Low Carbon Ammonia via Methane Pyrolysis

Splitting methane into hydrogen and carbon (methane pyrolysis) allows for the utilization of one of the largest energy reserves on our planet (natural gas) without emitting carbon dioxide, since only the hydrogen is oxidized to release energy, while the carbon is permanently sequesters as a solid product often replacing products that have their own GHG emissions. If you split biogenic methane (that produced from the anaerobic digestion of biomass), carbon dioxide is pulled out of the atmosphere resulting in a carbon negative process for making hydrogen (and in turn ammonia), and presenting a long term opportunity to begin drawing CO2…

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Building a sustainable industrial and energy infrastructure

Adjacent to its steel manufacturing plant in Duisburg, Germany thyssenkrupp has established multi-million dollar testing facility for different kinds of Carbon-2-Chem solutions using the offgases from blast furnaces and coke plants, cleaning and separating those gases into its different components and further processing the components to different chemical products such as ammonia and methanol. Major contributor is also the element hydrogen, which is produced in electrolysis unit based on thyssenkrupp’s Uhde technology. This testing facility focuses mainly on recycling the offgases to maximum extent resulting in most sustainable production processes.

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Low Carbon Ammonia at Nutrien

Nutrien is currently a world leader in the production of low carbon Ammonia today. A market premium for low carbon ammonia is critical to spur investment and deployment of transformative technologies, which will not only provide low carbon Ammonia as a fuel, but support decarbonization of the fertilizer industry as well. The development of a forward-looking certification process, based on sound science, is critical to developing this market.

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Low-Carbon Fuels for Power Generation

The EPRI-GTI Low Carbon Resources Initiative (LCRI) has nine technical subcommittees.  The Power Generation subcommittee currently has 26 active members representing electric, gas and combined electric & gas utilities as well as two gas turbine Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM).  Studies, testing and demonstration projects utilizing hydrogen and ammonia as alternate low-carbon energy carriers dominates member interests with hydrogen being most significant. Next steps will include scoping specific topics for “no-regret” studies and soliciting inputs for creating a five-year power generation roadmap.  Current position of the power generation company members:   Alternate Energy Carrier (AEC). Applied R&D on H2 and H2…