Topic: Ammonia Energy Import/Export
ARENA’s Investments in Renewable Hydrogen and Ammonia
ARENA’s purpose is to improve the competitiveness of renewable energy technologies and increase the supply of renewable energy through innovation that benefits Australian consumers and businesses. By connecting investment, knowledge and people to deliver energy innovation, we are helping to build the foundation of a renewable energy ecosystem in Australia. We provide funding support to help the renewable hydrogen industry overcome barriers to its further development, such as the high cost of producing renewable hydrogen, limited regulatory frameworks for applications such as use in the natural gas network, under-developed end-use markets and insufficient demand to attract investment in projects. ARENA…
Observations on green ammonia production scaleup and the potential for job creation
Green ammonia provides Australia with the opportunity to export our abundant renewable resources. A key benefit to the nation is the jobs created in an expanded ammonia export industry, allowing transition from carbon-based energy to cleaner sources. Drawing on cases study analysis of green ammonia plants scaled from 25 to 2500 tonnes of ammonia per day, the impact of a range of production cost elements is assessed focusing on ammonia production.
Implementation Plan of C-free Ammonia Value Chain
We are targeting to start commercial use of Fuel Ammonia from around 2025 for power generation, industrial and maritime markets. There are number of potential supplies of Blue and Green Ammonia from Australia, North America and Middle East, and large potential markets in Japan as well as Asia. First phase of Fuel Ammonia market will be mix combustion in coal power plant with Blue Ammonia supply. Extensive market will be created, and large scale Blue and Green Ammonia supplies will be implemented. Bilateral collaborations of governments and industries in supply and demand countries are essential to realize Fuel Ammonia Value…
The role of Ammonia in a hydrogen economy (2020 Australia Keynote)
Yara was founded in 1905 to solve famine in Europe, through the production of mineral fertiliser from renewable energy. Todays challenges have not changed and Yara’s mission is to responsibly feed the world and protect the planet. Producing renewable ammonia has been done before, and the transitional cost and CO2 gap can be closed in public-private partnership. Yara recognizes that collaboration and innovation along the value chain is essential to move into the future, reducing emissions towards net zero in the agricultural value chain (digital farming, circular economy and nitrate based products). Being one of the largest ammonia producers and the truly global leader in…
Green ammonia at oil and gas scale: the 15 GW Asian Renewable Energy Hub
The Asian Renewable Energy Hub will be a 6,500 square kilometer wind and solar farm in Australia's Pilbara desert, producing green ammonia for export beginning in 2027/28. This was recently reported as an investment of AU$ 22 billion (US$ 16 billion). As it says on its website, this is "renewable energy at oil and gas scale." Details recently entered the public domain regarding the project's upstream segment (power generation). Now, its downstream segment (green ammonia production) is coming into focus as well. InterContinental Energy, one of the project backers, represents the Asian Renewable Energy Hub as just one project within its $100+ billion, 50 million ton per year, green ammonia and green methanol production portfolio: "the largest and most advanced portfolio of green hydrogen projects worldwide."
Saudi Arabia to export renewable energy using green ammonia
Last week, Air Products, ACWA Power, and NEOM announced a $5 billion, 4 gigawatt green ammonia plant in Saudi Arabia, to be operational by 2025. Air Products, the exclusive off-taker, intends to distribute the green ammonia globally and crack it back to “carbon-free hydrogen” at the point of use, supplying hydrogen refueling stations. According to Air Products’ presentation on the project, “our focus is fueling hydrogen fuel cell buses and trucks.” This will be one of the first projects to be built in the industrial hub of NEOM, a futuristic “model for sustainable living.” NEOM is a key element in Vision 2030, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s plan to diversify the Saudi Arabian economy and reduce dependence on oil revenues. In other words, Saudi Arabia is establishing itself as “a global leader in green hydrogen production and green fuels.”
Earlier this month Germany announced the adoption of a National Hydrogen Strategy. This is the latest piece to fall into place for the European Union’s broad strategy to become a zone of comprehensive sustainability. The German plan comes a few beats after the European Commission's unveiling of its Green Deal framework, but Germany is positioning itself as the organizational hub for the Green Deal's hydrogen energy elements.
Engie, Siemens, Ecuity, and STFC publish Feasibility of Ammonia-to-Hydrogen
The UK’s Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) recently published the feasibility study for its Ammonia to Green Hydrogen Project. This studies the techno-economic feasibility of importing green ammonia in order to supply large volumes of high-purity low-carbon hydrogen in the UK. The project has been designed and delivered by a heavyweight consortium of ENGIE, Siemens, Ecuity Consulting, and the UK’s STFC. The feasibility study, which is publicly available, represents the conclusion of Phase One of this project. Phase Two is demonstration: “to raise the TRL of a lithium imide based ammonia cracker from 4 to 6/7,” meaning that the technology is ready for deployment.
Hydrogen Prioritized in New ARENA Investment Plan
On September 11, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) issued its 2019 Investment Plan. The theme of the accompanying press release is “sharpening our focus,” and indeed the agency articulates just three investment priorities: “integrating renewables into the electricity system;” “accelerating the growth of a hydrogen industry;” and “supporting industry to reduce emissions.” The prioritization of hydrogen – and with it, ammonia as a possible hydrogen carrier – is a new development for ARENA.