Paper

Electric Heating Solutions for SMR-Based Ammonia Plants

This presentation underscores the well-established and advantageous role of electric heaters in transforming heating processes within ammonia production, with insightful parallels drawn to the broader trend of electrification in various industries. Electric heaters have emerged as a tried-and-true alternative, and this session will delve into their numerous benefits, making a compelling case for their adoption. As industries worldwide are increasingly electrifying their heating processes to combat emissions, we will explore the technical and operational advantages of electric heaters, specifically within the context of ammonia production, utilizing the Haber-Bosch method. With a focus on reducing emissions, enhancing efficiency, and reducing maintenance…

Article

Alternative synthesis start-ups: exploring the growing ecosystem in Australia and New Zealand

A fast-growing ecosystem of startups is progressing various technology pathways in Australia and New Zealand. Melbourne-based Jupiter Ionics is developing an electrolytic cell that will directly reduce nitrogen to ammonia under mild temperature and pressure conditions. In New Zealand, Liquium is embarking on a pilot-scale deployment of its miniaturised Haber Bosch technology. The University of Newcastle and Element One are progressing validation and pilot-phase deployments of AMMONIAC - a novel, “chemical-looping” ammonia production system. And in Sydney, PlasmaLeap is developing a plasma-based system, with on-farm trials already planned.

Article

Flexible ammonia synthesis: shifting the narrative around hydrogen storage

Flexible ammonia production technology is currently scaling up to meet the challenges of fluctuating electricity feedstock. The ability to ramp down plants to 5 - 10% of their nominal load will minimize the requirement for hydrogen storage buffers and reduce the overall cost of renewable ammonia production. The first demonstration-sized flexible ammonia plants are due to begin operations later this year.

Paper

Optimizing absorption to improve Haber-Bosch synthesis

Ammonia absorber columns offer an alternative separation unit to replace condensation in the Haber-Bosch synthesis loop. Metal halide salts can selectively separate ammonia from the reactor outlet gas mixture and incorporate it into their crystal lattice with remarkably high thermodynamic capacity. While the salts’ working capacity can be limited and unstable when they are in their pure form, the capacity is stable and can be high when using a porous silica support. Here, we discuss optimal conditions for uptake and release of ammonia. The production capacity (ammonia processed per unit absorbent and per unit production time) depends on processing parameters…

Paper

Dynamic Analysis of Flex-gNH3 – a Green Ammonia Synthesis Process

The future of a decarbonised ammonia production is seen as the alignment of the intermittent production of renewable energy, energy demands and ammonia process features. The current Haber-Bosch ammonia synthesis process can indeed be altered to enable green and sustainable ammonia production primarily being driven by renewable electricity. However, this will require to enhance current commercial Haber-Bosch (H-B) process flexibility with modifications to redefine the conventional H–B process with a new optimised control. The technical feasibility of green-ammonia (gNH3) process had been widely discussed and analysed focusing on its energy efficiency, the development of small-scale, distributed, modularised processes that can…

Paper

Stami Green Ammonia to play a key role in decarbonizing the fertilizer industry

Stamicarbon green ammonia technology is based on the proven Haber-Bosh process and a perfect match for Power to X small and medium size project. It unique operational conditions and lean process design lead to a compact plant configuration with a minimum foot print requirement and thus a very competitive Capex when compared to other technologies. Moreover, the relatively high operating pressure makes it possible to obtain a high conversion per path using a minimum volume of catalyst. Maire Tecnimont group is applying Stami Green Ammonia technology in two green feasibility study projects, Greenfield Nitrogen located in the heart of the…

Article

The Ammonia Academic Wrap: “seamless” cracking, improving Haber Bosch, a novel green power-to-ammonia-to-power solution and a review into the use of ammonia as a fuel

Welcome to the Ammonia Academic Wrap: a summary of all the latest papers, developments and emerging trends in the world of ammonia energy R&D. This week: "seamless" ammonia cracking tech from Northwestern, a new electrolysis catalyst, successful integration of ammonia synthesis and separation for improved efficiency, more research needed into transition metal catalysts for Haber Bosch, a novel, green power-to-ammonia to power system and a review on ammonia as a potential fuel.

Paper

Green Ammonia at Oil and Gas Scale

Green Ammonia demand will grow massively over the coming years as it takes a central role in decarbonization, particularly in hard to abate sectors. In order to meet this demand, the industry must respond with projects at oil and gas scale.  This is the only way to deliver the volumes required to decarbonize and to do it at the prices needed to accelerate the energy transition.  The project concept pioneered by Intercontinental Energy offers a way forward. This presentation will outline Intercontinental Energy’s view of the green ammonia market and summarize the project template used throughout the global portfolio, followed by an…