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New ammonia import & export terminals

At Vlissingen in the Netherlands, Uniper & Vesta Terminals will explore the feasibility of developing a new ammonia import hub in northwest Europe, based on Vesta’s existing 60,000m3 ammonia storage facility. Also this week, Proton Ventures is currently developing a state-of-the-art ammonia export terminal for an oil & gas major in the UAE, which will feature the “biggest ammonia tanks ever built in the Middle East”.

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More CCS projects announced for the US Gulf Coast

New US CCS ammonia announcements include: a new million-tonne-per-year facility for OCI in Texas, a new $2 billion production facility for CF Industries and Mitsui & Co. in Louisiana, multi-million-tonnes-per-year of production output for JERA, ConocoPhillips and Uniper on the Gulf Coast spread over multiple export projects, and FID reached for OCI’s decarbonisation project in Iowa.

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India: renewable developments

In Indian developments this week:

  • Avaada Group and the Rajasthan state government will jointly develop a $5 billion, million-tonne-per-year renewable ammonia plant in the city of Kota.
  • Multinational Larsen & Toubro has switched on a new renewable hydrogen plant for its Hazira manufacturing complex in Gujarat.
  • Korean steelmaker POSCO and Greenko have signed an MoU to cooperate in green hydrogen and ammonia production in India.
  • And at our recent Australia conference, IEEFA’s Kashish Shah outlined how renewable hydrogen & ammonia can relieve the burden of US$13 billion in subsidies paid every year to the fertiliser sector in India.

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Floating production of hydrogen & ammonia

H2 Carrier's P2XFloater™ concept received Approval in Principle from DNV in late August. With beginnings in the oil industry, Floating Production units have played a vital role, extending the life of offshore fields and allowing for greater flexibility in production & transfer of product. As the energy transition gathers pace, so-called “Floaters” represent an immediate opportunity to fully leverage new Power-to-X projects, allowing for offshore production of hydrogen and ammonia.

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Air Products targets ammonia imports at UK port

Air Products and Associated British Ports will develop a facility at the Port of Immingham for ammonia imports and hydrogen production (ie. cracking). Immingham is one of the UK’s largest ports and sits within Humberside: the UK’s largest industrial cluster. This follows on from a July announcement, which will see Air Products team up with Gunvor to develop an import terminal in Rotterdam, bringing ammonia from Air Products production projects around the world into Europe from 2026.

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Ammonia Green Corridors – The Opportunity Is Now

Since the Clydebank Declaration was signed last December, the prospect of ammonia-fueled, green maritime corridors has been steadily rising. The Global Maritime Forum has just released a valuable discussion paper on potential definitions and approaches for green corridors. Recent announcements in Europe, Singapore, Australia and the Nordic countries demonstrate growing momentum. For maritime stakeholders to capture early learnings and best manage the complex task of alternative maritime fuel scale-up, the opportune time is right now.

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The Next 12 Months: Generating demand for green hydrogen and ammonia

Critical to the development of the green ammonia industry within Australia will be the development of the green hydrogen (GH2) industry. The two come hand-in-hand. The more end uses for GH2 – covering multiple applications and capable of downstream conversion to other energy carriers (such as ammonia) and products – the more the demand side of the GH2 market will grow, providing flexibility as to the ways to achieve decarbonisation. This will also help generate larger economies of scale and faster deployment, leading to a virtuous cycle of increasing demand encouraging increased supply, improving efficiencies and economies of scale which…