Paper

Industrial load flexibility, the US power grid and ammonia

A variable renewable power grid is a new technological regime that involves real time harvesting and low-cost availability of energy resources coupled with storage to meet additional needs. Decarbonization through electrification of end uses formerly met by combustion processes will be a concurrent trend. Taken together, these two changes may make flexibility on the demand side more valuable to the grid and to industrial users. Industry accounted for 26% of US power demand in 2021. Traditionally, industrial processes for producing ammonia and other basic materials have been optimized for a system based on fossil resources, where energy can be called…

Paper

Improving the competitiveness of Power-to-X projects in Chile

Ammonia synthesis represents the second largest hydrogen-consuming industry worldwide. In 2020, 33 million tonnes of ammonia were produced which accounted for 45% of the global hydrogen demand. The ammonia production industry annually generates nearly 0.5 Gigatonnes of CO2-equivalent which accounts for 1% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Zero greenhouse gas emmision targets and recent disruptions of the fossil fuel supply chains have made ammonia produced from renewable energy more attractive. The expectations for green ammonia demand were changed by the energy supply challenges being faced in Europe; the new demand expectations will have to be supported with developments on new…

Paper

Reduce surprises: a blueprint to shift from ammonia plant monitoring to true AI-powered observability

Nobody likes surprises– especially chemical plant managers. With the cost of feedstock at all time highs, and the global production of ammonia at modern lows, reducing surprise downtime is more critical than ever. Nevertheless, instrumentation and monitoring best practices have not changed much in 50 years. We design our plants with interlocks that trip the plant to preserve safety and rely on rules-based alarms that alert operators but we still get surprised. Plants effectively leverage monitoring solutions: where monitoring tools allow teams to watch and understand the state of their systems. Monitoring is based on gathering predefined sets of metrics…

Article

Building a renewable ammonia supply between Australia and Korea

Korea Zinc, Hanwha Impact, SK Gas and Australia-based Ark Energy will work together to build a million-tonne-per-year renewable ammonia supply chain between Korea and Australia by 2032. Ark Energy’s renewable energy portfolio in Queensland will be leveraged for ammonia production, with the three South Korean organisations acting as offtakers. The announcement comes as the Qld state government launches an ambitious new energy plan, which will support the addition of 20-plus GW of renewable energy generation to Qld’s grid.

Article

New ammonia import & export terminals

At Vlissingen in the Netherlands, Uniper & Vesta Terminals will explore the feasibility of developing a new ammonia import hub in northwest Europe, based on Vesta’s existing 60,000m3 ammonia storage facility. Also this week, Proton Ventures is currently developing a state-of-the-art ammonia export terminal for an oil & gas major in the UAE, which will feature the “biggest ammonia tanks ever built in the Middle East”.

Article

More CCS projects announced for the US Gulf Coast

New US CCS ammonia announcements include: a new million-tonne-per-year facility for OCI in Texas, a new $2 billion production facility for CF Industries and Mitsui & Co. in Louisiana, multi-million-tonnes-per-year of production output for JERA, ConocoPhillips and Uniper on the Gulf Coast spread over multiple export projects, and FID reached for OCI’s decarbonisation project in Iowa.

Article

India: renewable developments

In Indian developments this week:

  • Avaada Group and the Rajasthan state government will jointly develop a $5 billion, million-tonne-per-year renewable ammonia plant in the city of Kota.
  • Multinational Larsen & Toubro has switched on a new renewable hydrogen plant for its Hazira manufacturing complex in Gujarat.
  • Korean steelmaker POSCO and Greenko have signed an MoU to cooperate in green hydrogen and ammonia production in India.
  • And at our recent Australia conference, IEEFA’s Kashish Shah outlined how renewable hydrogen & ammonia can relieve the burden of US$13 billion in subsidies paid every year to the fertiliser sector in India.

Article

Floating production of hydrogen & ammonia

H2 Carrier's P2XFloater™ concept received Approval in Principle from DNV in late August. With beginnings in the oil industry, Floating Production units have played a vital role, extending the life of offshore fields and allowing for greater flexibility in production & transfer of product. As the energy transition gathers pace, so-called “Floaters” represent an immediate opportunity to fully leverage new Power-to-X projects, allowing for offshore production of hydrogen and ammonia.

Article

Air Products targets ammonia imports at UK port

Air Products and Associated British Ports will develop a facility at the Port of Immingham for ammonia imports and hydrogen production (ie. cracking). Immingham is one of the UK’s largest ports and sits within Humberside: the UK’s largest industrial cluster. This follows on from a July announcement, which will see Air Products team up with Gunvor to develop an import terminal in Rotterdam, bringing ammonia from Air Products production projects around the world into Europe from 2026.

Article

Ammonia Green Corridors – The Opportunity Is Now

Since the Clydebank Declaration was signed last December, the prospect of ammonia-fueled, green maritime corridors has been steadily rising. The Global Maritime Forum has just released a valuable discussion paper on potential definitions and approaches for green corridors. Recent announcements in Europe, Singapore, Australia and the Nordic countries demonstrate growing momentum. For maritime stakeholders to capture early learnings and best manage the complex task of alternative maritime fuel scale-up, the opportune time is right now.