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From Japan to North America, Striving for a Low Carbon Future through Advances in Ammonia Production

The transition to a low carbon future is a paramount global challenge, requiring innovative solutions that transcend geographical boundaries. IHI has made promising strides in ammonia production technologies, usage technologies, and engineering for a sustainable energy transformation. The presentation explains the journey from Japan’s pioneering role in utilizing ammonia as an energy carrier, including its use as a co-firing fuel in a pulverized coal power plant, to North America’s adaptation and expansion of these advancements. Amid the drive to curb carbon emissions, this presentation underscores the significance of global knowledge sharing in pursuit of cutting-edge ammonia-based solutions.

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Development of fuel ammonia combustion technology in glass melting furnaces

Currently, numerous glass melting furnaces are operating worldwide, but in large furnaces, a significant portion of the thermal energy relies on fossil fuels. AGC is aiming for carbon neutrality and is progressing towards decarbonizing the energy source for glass melting furnaces. In particular, we are focusing on ammonia, which does not emit GHG during combustion, and have been participating in NEDO project “Development of Fuel Ammonia Combustion Technology in Industrial Furnaces” since 2021. In June of this year, we conducted a demonstration test of ammonia combustion in a glass melting furnace. We will continue to work towards larger scale introduction…

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Ammonia Safety in End Use Applications

In the transition to a low-carbon energy economy, renewable power generation is pivotal, but reliable energy provision requires long-term, sustainable energy storage solutions. Ammonia’s relatively high energy density, existing global infrastructure, and established manufacturing and distribution system make it an attractive alternative energy carrier. However, as new applications emerge, thorough risk assessments and control measures are necessary to minimize health and environmental risks. This work evaluates the safety considerations associated with ammonia as a fuel for end use applications, including industry and transportation. Established practices offer insights, yet novel applications require dedicated safety strategies. Ammonia’s potential hinges on comprehensive risk…